The results have been revealed as part of our annual ‘Year on Twitter’ review, a roundup of what’s been happening throughout the year.
We've gathered influential moments and popular Tweets from around the world and collated them into a dedicated website 2012.twitter.com. Over on that site you'll see that Barack Obama’s (@BarackObama) ‘Four more years’ Tweet, which he sent to declare victory in the US presidential election, was the most retweeted message ever:
Four more years. twitter.com/BarackObama/st…
— Barack Obama (@BarackObama) November 7, 2012
A UK Perspective
As well as revealing some of the world’s biggest Tweets and trends, we have released exclusive UK data and information that gives a fascinating glimpse into what Brits have been talking about during 2012.
In a year that has seen the Diamond Jubilee, Euro 2012, the Olympic and Paralympic Games all take place, read on to discover what captured the attention of the more than 10 million active UK users on Twitter. The four categories we looked at in the UK this year were:
1. Highest spikes in Twitter conversation
2. Only on Twitter moments
3. Top trends that captured the nation’s attention
4. New voices that joined the platform
For the global information, visit our official Year on Twitter site: 2012.twitter.com and check out our international blog post.
Highest Spikes in Twitter Conversation
It’s no surprise that in what’s been dubbed a year of sport in the UK, seven out of the top 10 highest spikes in Twitter conversation this year are related to sport. In addition to the many Olympic and footballing moments, the list shows that Twitter and TV are inextricably linked, with three of the top spots going to the one of the nation’s most-watched TV shows - the X Factor. Here is the top 10 list, based on data about the number of UK Tweets sent per second:
1. Olympics: David Cameron, Samantha Cameron and Boris Johnson dancing together at the Olympic closing ceremony (Sunday, August 12)
2. Euro 2012: England vs Italy, England lose on penalties (Sunday, June 24)
3. X Factor: James Arthur and Ella Henderson in bottom two, Ella voted off (Sunday, November 18)
4. Olympics: Bolt wins the Men’s 100 Metres Olympic final (Sunday August 5)
5. Olympics: Mr Bean’s Chariots of Fire sketch in the Opening Ceremony (Friday, July 27)
6. X Factor: Rylan and Kye deadlock (Sunday, November 4)
7. Euro 2012: England vs Sweden, Theo Walcott's goal to bring England level at 2-2
8. X Factor: Gary Barlow storms off X Factor as Carolynne Poole was voted off in favour of Rylan (Sunday October 7)
9. Euro 2012: England vs France, Joleon Lescott’s goal put England up 1-0 (Monday June 11)
10. Champions League: Man City vs Real Madrid, Cristiano Ronaldo’s goal put Real 3-2 ahead, ultimately resulting in a victory (Tuesday September 18)
Only on Twitter
Across a variety of sectors, Twitter is being used by people in innovative and exciting ways to push the boundaries of what can be done in 140 characters and create a global town square for sharing information. These are 10 UK examples of moments that only happened on Twitter and show how the platform truly brings people closer to the things they care about.
Music: In July of this year, British band Blur were filmed performing their new singles ‘Under The Westway’ and ‘The Puritan’ in a secret UK location, with the performance live-streamed on Twitter. In between playing the two new songs, the band hosted a live Twitter Q&A session with fans.
Stay tuned... #Blur live video broadcast 18:15 BST Under the Westway 19:15 The Puritan. See you here twitter.com/blurofficial RT
— blur (@blurofficial) July 2, 2012
TV: In May of this year, Will.i.am Tweeted during live TV on BBC’s The Voice, giving a new digital dimension to the TV show.
No disrespect at all for tweeting when the other coaches were talking...I was talking to the fans of the #bbcthevoiceUK...
— will.i.am (@iamwill) May 12, 2012
#thevoiceuk Im not going to stop tweeting during live shows...I think it allows people to live the moment with me as I'm in it...#itsnewaday
— will.i.am (@iamwill) May 8, 2012
I told the bbc: "It may seem odd me tweeting...but trust me...this will be the norm one day & people are going to copy it"...#thevoiceuk
— will.i.am (@iamwill) May 8, 2012
Faith: The hotly anticipated news of who would be the new Archbishop of Canterbury was subject to media speculation for weeks, and was finally announced on Twitter by the Prime Minister’s office (@Number10gov):
Downing Street is pleased to announce the appointment of Justin Welby as the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury bit.ly/RJ340c #newABC
— UK Prime Minister (@Number10gov) November 9, 2012
Politics: With rumours abounding, the Cabinet broke news of the #reshuffle live on on Twitter in September of this year. The day began as Baroness Warsi (@SayeedaWarsi) confirmed her departure from the role of Conservative party co-chairman in a tweet from the official @ToryChairman account:
It's been a privilege and an honour to serve my party as co-chairman , signing off @torychairman , signing on @sayeedawarsiThe Prime Minister’s office (@Number10gov) continued to break the news of new appointments on Twitter over the course of the day, leading the media to dub the day ‘The Twitter #Reshuffle’:
— Tory Chairman (@ToryChairman) September 4, 2012
PM appoints Jeremy Hunt as Secretary of State for Health. #reshuffle
— UK Prime Minister (@Number10gov) September 4, 2012
PIC: Getting down to business - the Prime Minister chairs his first Cabinet meeting since the #reshuffle twitter.com/Number10gov/st…
— UK Prime Minister (@Number10gov) September 5, 2012
Literature: On the day of the Skyfall premiere in October, author and comedian Charlie Higson (@Monstroso) translated the original 12 Bond novels into 140 character Tweets.
Today I will be mostly tweeting all 12 Fleming Bond novels in 140 characters or less #bondtweets
— charlie higson (@monstroso) October 23, 2012
Literature: British author Lucy Coats (@lucycoats) kicked off the international Twitter Fiction Festival in November with her version of creation - a Greek myth rewritten into 140 characters.
Earth/Sky divorce rocks Heavens! Sky dooms own kids to Tartarus! Cronos gelds Sky in shock sickle strike! Earth weds Sea! #twitterfiction— Lucy Coats (@lucycoats) November 28, 2012
Sport: In May, footballer Eden Hazard (@HazardEden10) revealed that he was joining Chelsea exclusively via Twitter. It was one of the most hotly anticipated transfers of the season and fans following him on the platform were the first to know.
I'm signing for the champion's league winner.
— Eden hazard (@hazardeden10) May 28, 2012
Sport: Twitter saw more than 700,000 #PrayforMuamba messages in support of footballer Fabrice Muamba (@FMuamba) when he suffered a heart attack on the pitch in March of this year:
Pray for fab god willing he will pull through #PrayForMuamba
— Jermain Defoe (@IAmJermainDefoe) March 17, 2012
Sport: After his Olympic success, Usain Bolt (@usainbolt) said he wanted a trial at Manchester United... And Rio Ferdinand (@RioFerdy5) stepped in to help, only on Twitter.
@usainbolt if you want that trial at Man Utd shout me, I'll speak to the boss!! Well done in 100m, waiting for you to smash the 200m now!
— Rio Ferdinand (@rioferdy5) August 7, 2012
After the Olympics we work on that...lol..thanks man @rioferdy5
— Usain St. Leo Bolt (@usainbolt) August 7, 2012
Sport: This year we saw numerous Premier League management changes announced first on Twitter, direct to the fans. In November, Chelsea fired manager Roberto di Matteo and hired Rafael Benitez, breaking the news live on Twitter:
Chelsea Football Club has parted company this morning with manager Roberto Di Matteo. More to follow... #CFC
— Chelsea FC (@chelseafc) November 21, 2012
Rafael Benitez appointment announced: bit.ly/T4VLgU#CFCOnly two days later, QPR fired manager Mark Hughes, and hired Harry Redknapp, and once again Twitter was the place to go to get the news first:
— Chelsea FC (@chelseafc) November 21, 2012
Queens Park Rangers Football Club has today (Friday) terminated the contract of manager Mark Hughes with immediate effect. #QPR
— QPR FC (@OfficialQPR) November 23, 2012
EXCLUSIVE: REDKNAPP APPOINTED Harry pens two-and-a-half year deal #QPR... fb.me/20YisdMlw
— QPR FC (@OfficialQPR) November 24, 2012
Top Trends Which topics captured our attention this year? Trends reflect the hottest emerging topics, rather than what has been consistently popular over time. Here are lists of the most frequently trending topics in the UK across a variety of popular sectors:
Sport: In a year of sport in the UK, it was the Paralympics that topped the table for the most trending UK sports event, with football taking up seven of the top 10 spots.
Politics: David Cameron (@David_Cameron) joined Twitter in October, so it's perhaps no surprise that he tops the poll of Twitter UK political trends. There were also two appearances for Romney as the American presidential race gripped nations both sides of the Atlantic. There were also two top 10 spots for London Mayor Boris Johnson, who oversaw London 2012 efforts.
1. David Cameron
5. Ed Miliband
6. Boris Johnson
7. Mitt Romney
10. Nick Clegg
Issues: The range of topics in this category reflects the diversity of stories that hit the headlines in the UK this year. From the pasty tax VAT scandal to the Leveson Inquiry, Twitter was the place where people followed, and joined the conversation around breaking news.
4. Prince Harry
5. Samantha Brick
10. Rebekah Brooks
Movies: Two spots in the top 10 UK movie trends this year go to a British institution: Bond. Skyfall was a hit on Twitter as well as at the box office. The boy wizard Harry Potter also made an appearance, sharing the top ten with other hits like the classic Star Wars and cult favourite Dark Shadows.
1. The Hunger Games
2. James Bond
4. Star Wars
5. The Avengers
6. The Dark Knight Rises
8. Dark Shadows
9. The Artist
10. Harry Potter
Music artists: A surprise first place in this year's music trends went to Rick Ross. The US star may not be as well known on this side of the pond as UK acts like Jessie J and JLS, but he's certainly found a dedicated follower base on Twitter.
1. Rick Ross
2. Nicki Minaj
3. Taylor Swift
4. Lana Del Rey
6. Chris Brown
7. Rita Ora
9. Lil Wayne
10. Jessie J
TV Programmes: Whilst UK shows like "Downton Abbey" (#DowntonAbbey) and the "Great British Bakeoff" (#GBBO) have become beloved on Twitter, they didn’t break through into this year’s top ten. From Jeremy Kyle and Newsnight to long-running soap operas like #EastEnders and #Hollyoaks, it's the shows in our living rooms day-in and day-out that dominate the list.
1. Jeremy Kyle
2. Game of Thrones
3. American Dad
5. Family Guy
6. Russell Howard
Culture: From general trends like #photography, #music and #travel to big cultural events like the Edinburgh Fringe Festival (#EdFringe), Twitter was where people came to share what they were passionate about in real life.
8. 2012 mtv video music awards
9. V Festival
Londoners: David Cameron fills another number one spot on this year’s list of top trending Londoners. Sport figures and politicians were well represented, with singer Jessie J being the only woman ranked in the top 10.
1. David Cameron
2. Jeremy Kyle
3. Ed Miliband
4. Boris Johnson
5. John Terry
6. Prince Harry
7. David Beckham
8. George Osborne
9. Jessie J
10. Harry Redknapp
Conversation starters: Twitter brings you closer to the things you care about and hashtags let you share these passions with others. This year, Twitter users came together around topics like music (#Nowplaying), current affairs (#News) and words of wisdom (#Yolo, for 'You only live once'):
Prime Minister David Cameron (@David_Cameron) joined Twitter at the Conservative Party conference in October 2012, becoming one of the 48 new MPs on the platform this year, bringing the total to 414 (63%) of UK MPs that use the platform. You can find the full list here. He uses the platform to share both political and personal updates with his followers, such as this shot of him celebrating his birthday with colleagues:
Thanks to my team for squeezing in a quick birthday celebration on this v hectic day. twitter.com/David_Cameron/…
— David Cameron (@David_Cameron) October 9, 2012
In this year’s list of new UK voices on Twitter, Cameron joins an eclectic list of names from the worlds of sport, music, politics and entertainment - including girl band Girls Aloud (@GirlsAloud), film star and campaigner Hugh Grant (@HackedOffHugh) and TV presenter Gary Lineker (@GaryLineker).
Here are some of the new voices who are now part of Twitter’s 10 million active users in the UK:
Sarah Harding @SarahNHarding
Girls Aloud @GirlsAloud
Alison Moyet @AlisonMoyet1
Danny O'Donoghue @TheScript_Danny
Kimberly Walsh @KimberleyJWalsh
Hugh Grant @HackedOffHugh
Bruno Tonioli @BrunoTonioli
Sir Patrick Stewart @SirPatStew
Ewan McGregor @mcgregor_ewan
Karen Gillan @KarenGillan2
Jeremy Clarkson @jcrclarksonesq
Damian Lewis @lewis_damian
Daniel Agger @danielagger
Chris Waddle @chriswaddle93
Gareth Bale @garethbale11
Jose Enrique Sanchez @jose3enrique3
Ashley Cole @therealac3
Denise Lewis @realdeniselewis
Jonjo Shelvey @shelveyj
David Silva @21LVA
Clive Woodward @clivewoodward
John Barnes @officialbarnesy
Gary Lineker @GaryLineker
Alan Hansen @AlanHansen06
David Cameron @David_Cameron
Nadine Dorries @NadineDorriesMP
Dr Liam Fox @LiamFoxMP
Keith Vaz @Keith_VazMP
Maria Miller @Maria_MillerMP
Justine Greening @JustineGreening
Sir Bob Kerslake, Head of the UK Civil Service @SirBobKerslake
The Twitter Year
Twitter brings people closer to the things they care about and gives people all over the world a platform to share their unique perspectives. With more than 400 million Tweets on the platform every day, Twitter is becoming a global town square.
The conversation may be about high profile global events - like the Olympics or a presidential election - or topics that people feel passionately about - like music, literature or faith. From Girls Aloud to the new Archbishop, James Bond to JLS, Tweets from the UK’s 10 million Twitter users paint an exciting picture of this year in Britain.